Every U.S. county maintains a record of real estate ownership (land, homes, and commercial properties) within that county, called a register of deeds. The county clerk is usually responsible for keeping the register of deeds. However, some counties have a specific position for this purpose, called the officer of the register of deeds. It may be an assigned or elected position.
If you purchase a piece of real estate, you will be provided with the property deed. However, the transaction is not complete until the seller transfers the ownership and title to you or your mortgage company, bank, or authorized agent. Finally, the deed is filed in the register of deeds to record the sale.
The registry of deeds is considered public record so that anyone can get an informational copy of a deed or record, usually for a small fee.